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Adaptation to starchy diet, high altitudes helped ancient settlers survive

Fri, 11/09/2018 - 11:24
A multi-center study of the genetic remains of people who settled thousands of years ago in the Andes Mountains of South America reveals a complex picture of human adaptation—from early settlement to the devastating exposure to European disease in the 16th century. Professor Anna Di Rienzo was part of a research team that used newly available samples of DNA from seven whole genomes to study how ancient Andean people—including groups that clustered around Lake Titicaca in Peru and Bolivia, 12,000...

Genetic data can improve breast cancer care for underserved populations

Thu, 11/08/2018 - 13:08
A study comparing DNA and RNA data from Nigerian breast cancer patients to patients in a United States database found that certain aggressive molecular features were far more prevalent in tumors from Nigerian women than in black or white American women. In a study in Nature Communications , the authors say those differences in multiple molecular features could in part explain disparities in breast cancer mortality for women from Nigeria, and perhaps other West African nations. “In the era of...

Storytelling, games help young people discuss sexual health

Thu, 11/08/2018 - 13:08
For young people, discussing sexual and reproductive health can be awkward. In certain parts of the world, those conversations can be downright stigmatizing. Through multimedia approaches, storytelling and innovative research, the University of Chicago’s Center for Interdisciplinary Inquiry and Innovation in Sexual and Reproductive Health (Ci3) is helping young people find ways to tell their everyday stories. Kissa Kahani is a multi-year international project funded by a Bill & Melinda Gates...

UChicago to host U.S.-China forum on Nov. 1-2

Wed, 10/31/2018 - 12:55
The University of Chicago will host its fourth annual U.S.-China Forum on Nov. 1-2, during which academic and policy leaders from the United States and China will gather for a series of discussions and debate. Organized by the Becker Friedman Institute for Economics in collaboration with UChicago Global and supported by the China-U.S. Exchange Foundation, the forum will explore topics including China’s global economic strategy, risks associated with its financial stability, and trade dynamics...

Oriental Institute helps in return of stolen Persepolis artifact to Iran

Wed, 10/24/2018 - 12:34
Sometime in the spring of 1936, a thief walked up the stairs of a royal building in the heart of the ancient city of Persepolis and pried off a chunk of a 2,500-year-old parapet. On it was a carved stone relief of an imperial soldier carrying a spear and shield, the limestone curls of his beard and hair beautifully rendered. For thousands of years he had been guarding his staircase in Persepolis, the magnificent capital of the Persian Empire from 550 to 330 B.C. After Alexander the Great...

Clinton Global Initiative University meeting comes to UChicago

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
The University of Chicago will host more than 1,000 students from across the country and around the world together with global leaders and policy experts for the 11th annual Clinton Global Initiative University meeting. The event, which will take place Oct. 19-21, engages the next generation of leaders and social entrepreneurs to help them make a positive impact in communities worldwide. Students will gather to discuss and develop ideas and proposals to address some of the most pressing social,...

Yoichiro Nambu, Nobel-winning theoretical physicist, 1921-2015

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
Physicist Yoichiro Nambu once said he came to the University of Chicago in 1954 because of the “many great names” in physics at the University, including Nobel laureates such as Enrico Fermi. Nambu became a major figure in his own right during his long tenure at UChicago, culminating in winning a share of the 2008 Nobel Prize in Physics for his theory about the workings of the subatomic world. Nambu, 94, died on July 5 in Osaka, Japan, after an acute heart attack. His death was announced July 17...

Observing Chinese Starbucks patrons reveals what their ancestors farmed, study finds

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
A new study analyzing behavior patterns of people across China suggests that the traditional interdependent rice-farming culture of southern China has resulted in today's residents—even city dwellers far removed from farming—being more interdependent and less controlling over their environment compared to their countrymen who hail from the more independent wheat-farming culture of northern China. The University of Chicago Booth School of Business study was conducted by Thomas Talhelm, assistant...

China’s ‘war against pollution’ shows promising results, study finds

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
As China marks its four-year anniversary of declaring “war against pollution,” a new analysis using data from more than 200 government monitors throughout the country finds air pollution has decreased across the board in China’s most populated areas. Cities on average have cut concentrations of fine particulates—widely considered the deadliest form of air pollution—by 32 percent in just four years. “The data is in—China is winning its war against pollution,” said Michael Greenstone, the Milton...

Fourth-year earns scholarship to pursue medical degree, global leadership program

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
Ade Ayoola, a fourth-year student in the College, has been selected as one of 49 inaugural Knight-Hennessy Scholars at Stanford University. Ayoola will receive full funding to pursue a medical degree from the Stanford School of Medicine while participating in the scholarship’s global leadership program. The new scholarship program aims to provide a new generation of global leaders with the skills to develop solutions to the world’s most complicated challenges. The cohort of scholars was selected...

Neubauer Collegium faculty projects explore themes across academic fields

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
Digital censorship, democracy in India and ancient curses are just some of the topics that UChicago faculty will explore as part of the Neubauer Collegium for Culture and Society ’s 2018-19 cycle of collaborative research projects, announced today. This year’s projects, as in previous years, include collaborations with scholars and practitioners from other institutions in the United States and abroad. In its first six years, the Neubauer Collegium will have supported 80 projects led by 143...

Sociologist’s research on Filipino leader reveals insights into populist politics

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
By many accounts, Joseph Estrada had a lackluster record of helping the poor in the Philippines. The former president was ousted in 2001 and later convicted of plunder for stealing $80 million from the government. Nevertheless, the urban poor in Manila have continued to support the former film actor, who ran for president in 2010 after being pardoned. In an attempt to better understand the source of voters’ loyalty to Estrada, Marco Garrido, assistant professor in the Department of Sociology,...

Workshop strengthens bonds between UChicago, African scholars

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
Despite accounting for 15 percent of the world’s population and one-quarter of its disease burden, Africa provides only about 2 percent of global research. However, as African nations and economies grow, so too has the opportunity for training and supporting new scientists, physicians, and institutions to work on local and international problems. For decades, University of Chicago faculty have built professional partnerships with African scholars. But a UChicago workshop sou­­­­ght to weave...

Fourth-year student named Rhodes scholar

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
Lucas Tse, a fourth-year student in the College, has earned a Rhodes Scholarship for Hong Kong to study at the University of Oxford next fall. He hopes to pursue an MPhil in economic and social history, with aspirations for a career as a scholar and educator. “There are ideals in both directions that attract me,” Tse wrote in an email from Hong Kong, where he has lived for 19 years and where he was visiting family. “I would like to further my academic training and take on the challenges of...

Exhibition studies U.S. international relations through architecture

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
After the brutality of World War II, the United States sought to usher in a new era of optimism in the late 1940’s through an ambitious embassy program that called on some of the greatest architects of the century to design buildings that represented a new foreign policy of openness, dialogue and progress. Those efforts are now the central theme of the latest exhibition at the Neubauer Collegium entitled Havana Case Study , which runs now through Dec. 15, 2017. It is one of several programs that...

Air pollution cuts three years off lifespans in northern China

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
Editor’s note: This story has been translated into Chinese . There are currently an estimated 4.5 billion people around the world exposed to levels of particulate air pollution that are at least twice what the World Health Organization considers safe. Yet the impact of sustained exposure to pollution on a person’s life expectancy has largely remained a vexingly unanswered question—until now. A study published Sept. 11 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences finds that a Chinese...

Living in poverty puts demands on attention that impair decision-making

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
If the interest rate banks paid on customers’ deposits were to soar from 0.3 percent to 5 percent, you would expect that most people would start saving more. But, it turns out, most people aren’t that calculating. In a recent field experiment in Chile, a large majority of people did not increase their savings in response to the higher interest rate. But when their peers were watching, savings almost doubled when the participants in the experiment announced their savings goals to a self-help...

UChicago appointed co-commissioner of U.S. Pavilion at Venice Architecture Biennale

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
The School of the Art Institute of Chicago and the University of Chicago jointly announced today their selection by the U.S. Department of State to serve as co-commissioners of the United States Pavilion at the 2018 Venice Architecture Biennale . As co-commissioners, the two institutions will organize Dimensions of Citizenship, the exhibition they proposed as the official United States contribution to the 16th International Architecture Exhibition, on view from May 26 through Nov. 25, 2018. The...

Smart Museum exhibition crowd-sources blankets for art-based activism

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
Boxes of blankets began pouring into the Smart Museum of Art over the summer, hundreds a week, bearing postmarks from Ohio, Arizona, Washington, Massachusetts and beyond. They arrived as part of Welcome Blanket , a project from designer and artist Jayna Zweiman that recasts the roughly 2,000-mile distance of the proposed border wall between the United States and Mexico into handmade blankets. Representing the distance of the wall in lengths of yarn—over 3,000 blankets to be knit from 3,500,640...

Regional support for rebel groups can increase violence, study shows

Fri, 10/12/2018 - 12:59
The news is filled with stories about insurgencies—about terrorist attacks, the groups perpetrating them and the steps taken to defeat their fighters. However, there’s a tendency to look at just one country at a time when trying to find solutions, not at the relationship of the country attacked with those that surround it, and little is known about trans-national insurgent activities. Luis R. Martinez, assistant professor at the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy, shows in a...

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