The University of Chicago News Office
Updated: 1 hour 5 min ago

Air pollution cuts three years off lifespans in northern China

Mon, 09/11/2017 - 14:00
Editor’s note: This story has been translated into Chinese. There are currently an estimated 4.5 billion people around the world exposed to levels of particulate air pollution that are at least twice what the World Health Organization considers safe. Yet the impact of sustained exposure to pollution on a person’s life expectancy has largely remained a vexingly unanswered question—until now. A study published Sept. 11 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences finds that a Chinese...

Living in poverty puts demands on attention that impair decision-making

Tue, 09/05/2017 - 10:04
If the interest rate banks paid on customers’ deposits were to soar from 0.3 percent to 5 percent, you would expect that most people would start saving more. But, it turns out, most people aren’t that calculating. In a recent field experiment in Chile, a large majority of people did not increase their savings in response to the higher interest rate. But when their peers were watching, savings almost doubled when the participants in the experiment announced their savings goals to a self-...

UChicago appointed co-commissioner of U.S. Pavilion at Venice Architecture Biennale

Wed, 08/30/2017 - 16:00
The School of the Art Institute of Chicago and the University of Chicago jointly announced today their selection by the U.S. Department of State to serve as co-commissioners of the United States Pavilion at the 2018 Venice Architecture Biennale. As co-commissioners, the two institutions will organize Dimensions of Citizenship, the exhibition they proposed as the official United States contribution to the 16th International Architecture Exhibition, on view from May 26 through Nov. 25, 2018. The...

Smart Museum exhibition crowd-sources blankets for art-based activism

Fri, 08/11/2017 - 14:00
Boxes of blankets began pouring into the Smart Museum of Art over the summer, hundreds a week, bearing postmarks from Ohio, Arizona, Washington, Massachusetts and beyond. They arrived as part of Welcome Blanket, a project from designer and artist Jayna Zweiman that recasts the roughly 2,000-mile distance of the proposed border wall between the United States and Mexico into handmade blankets. Representing the distance of the wall in lengths of yarn—over 3,000 blankets to be knit from 3,500,640...

Regional support for rebel groups can increase violence, study shows

Tue, 08/01/2017 - 14:45
The news is filled with stories about insurgencies—about terrorist attacks, the groups perpetrating them and the steps taken to defeat their fighters. However, there’s a tendency to look at just one country at a time when trying to find solutions, not at the relationship of the country attacked with those that surround it, and little is known about trans-national insurgent activities. Luis R. Martinez, assistant professor at the University of Chicago Harris School of Public Policy, shows in a...

Studying lists of last names reveal hiring practices in higher education

Mon, 07/03/2017 - 03:30
Using lists of names collected from publicly available websites, two University of Chicago researchers have revealed distinctive patterns in higher education systems, ranging from ethnic representation and gender imbalance in the sciences, to the presence of academic couples, and even the illegal hiring of relatives in Italian universities. “This study was an exercise in exploiting bare-bones techniques,” said author Stefano Allesina, professor of ecology and evolution and a member of the...

University statement on climate and the environment

Thu, 06/08/2017 - 11:45
Understanding the scale and nature of the scientific, environmental, economic, policy and public health aspects of climate change demands evidence-based research in an environment of free and open inquiry. The University of Chicago and affiliated laboratories such as the Marine Biological Laboratory remain deeply committed to supporting faculty, students and researchers addressing these important issues from diverse perspectives. These efforts include, but are not limited to,...